Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)
Our eyelids are one of the areas that make us look good or bad, young or old. Droopy upper eyelids or baggy lower eyelids can occur at a young age for genetic reasons, and sometimes it occurs for reasons related to old age. These negative changes may make the person look more tired.
Eyelid Surgery or Blepharoplasty, is a group of interventions applied to the lower or upper eyelids to remove the sagging skin and excess muscle tissue in order to stretch the tissues around the eyes.
What are the signs of needing a Eyelid Surgery?
Our skin is normally has an elastic form. But as we age, its elasticity gradually decreases. As a result of the loss of elasticity on facial skin, excess skin is collected on the eyelids. Therefore, the first signs of aging appear on the eyelids. Such changes that occur in the eyelids cause a tired and older appearance.
- Bags under eyes and change of color
- Droopy upper eyelid
- Wrinkles and sagging in the upper eyelid
- Wrinkles around eyes
- Tired look
Skin sagging that occurs in the eyelids causes droopy upper eyelids. This problem can sometimes be severe enough to limit the patient’s vision and there will be an aesthetically worse appearance. In this case, this condition must be treated functionally.
For those who want to have blepharoplasty surgery for aesthetic or functional purposes, the upper eyelid or lower eyelid can be operated as one, or both can be fixed together. Blepharoplasty is often performed along with eyebrow lifting and endoscopic mid-face surgeries.
What should I know before my Blepharoplasty procedure?
Due to the risk of increasing the possibility of bleeding during surgery, consuming of blood thinners such as aspirin or antibiotics should be stopped at least 15 days before the procedure. You should stop smoking or consuming other tobacco products 2-3 weeks before, as it delays wound healing. Herbal supplements should not be taken in this process as they can cause unexpected effects.
How is Upper Blepharoplasty performed?
Upper eyelid surgery is the process of removing excess skin and muscle tissue by small incisions. In order to make the scar hard to notice, an incision is made in the fold of the eyelid. It gives better cosmetic results when combined with face lift and eyebrow lifting operations. Upper blepharoplasty can be performed with local anesthesia.
How is Lower Blepharoplasty performed?
Fat glands which are located on the cheekbones move downward with the effect of gravity along with the aging process. This causes a sagging under the lower eyelid and a deep wrkinkle around the mouth. As a first step, these fats under eyes are lifted to their prior place. After the replacement of these fat lumps, surgeon checks if there is so much excess skin that has to be removed. A thin incision is made right under the eyelash and excess skin is removed in order to make it look stretch and eliminate the loose skin. If there is a concave look (collapsed) under the eye, fat injection treatment can be performed in order to elevate the skin.
Caring for yourself after an eyelid surgery
Eyelids are not closed completely after surgery. So patients can see everywhere. As the eyelids are very loose, bruising and swelling will occur. Applying ice bags on the eyes for the first 24 hours will help with the swelling and bruises. At the end of the first 48 hours, swelling will reach its maximum level and then will decrease rapidly. After two days the bandages are changed and the person gets a much wider vision and returns to her/his daily life without being too active.
After the procedure, swelling and bruises continue for 5-7 days and the patient should rest during this period. At the end of this period, stitches are removed and the patient can return to social life. Make-up can be applied once all the bruises are gone and the stitches are removed. Patient should not smoke and should not take any blood thinners for 1 week after the procedure. These restrictions should be followed for 7 days after surgery, otherwise healing process will be affected.
5 days after the procedure, the patient will be able to drive. It would be beneficial for the patient not to read newspapers or book for the first 2-3 days after the operation. The patient can take a bath after the 5th day after the procedure. The patient should not wear lenses for 7 to 10 days after surgery. After the operation, it is necessary to protect the eyes from sunlight.